Russian cosmonaut who became the world's first man in space in 1961. He spent a grand total of 1 hour and 48 minutes in the void above.
On April 12, 1961 he completed his orbit of the Earth, a feat that was not to be repeated by Americans until 1962 by John Glenn.
He was also honored by the American space program during Apollo 11, along with Neil Armstrong.
He and his two older brothers were deported to Nazi Germany for slave labor in 1943, and were not able to return home until after the war.
He married Valentina Goryacheva in 1957.