Vincent van Gogh is considered the greatest Post-Impressionist painter of all time. His output includes portraits, self portraits, landscapes and still lifes of cypresses, wheat fields and sunflowers. He completed many of his best-known works during the last two years of his life. Van Gogh whose work, notable for its beauty, emotion and color, highly influenced 20th century art. In just over a decade he produced more than 2,100 artworks, including 860 oil paintings and more than 1,300 watercolors, drawings, sketches and prints. His paintings grew brighter in color, and he developed the unique and highly recognizable style that became fully realized during his stay in Arles in 1888.
Van Gogh was born to upper middle class parents and spent his early adulthood working for a firm of art dealers. His father, Theodorus van Gogh, was an austere country minister, and his mother, Anna Cornelia Carbentus, was a moody artist whose love of nature, drawing and watercolors was transferred to her son. At age 15, van Gogh's family was struggling financially, and he was forced to leave school and go to work. He got a job at his Uncle Cornelis' art dealership, Goupil & Cie., a firm of art dealers in The Hague.
On 27 July 1890, aged 37, Van Gogh is believed to have shot himself in the chest with a revolver. Two days later, he died in the arms of his brother. On March 17, 1901, 71 of van Gogh's paintings were displayed at a show in Paris, and his fame subsequently grew enormously.