An American author of novels and children's books in the science fiction and fantasy genres, she is best known for her Earthsea fantasy books and her Hainish science fiction series. She received a PEN/Malamud Award in 2002.
She won five Locus Awards, four Nebula Awards, two Hugo Awards, and one World Fantasy Award.
Her writing was inspired by the work of Virginia Woolf.
She received her B.A. from Radcliffe College and her M.A. from Columbia University.
She married Charles Le Guin in 1953. The couple subsequently became parents to three children.