Thomas Jefferson was widely known as the principal author of the Declaration of Independence in 1776, the nation's first secretary of state serving under President George Washington and especially the third US president (1801–1809). In his presidential term of office, he also took responsibility for the Louisiana Purchase. More notably, he was a powerful advocate of democracy and embraced the principles of republicanism with enthusiasm and the rights of the individual with worldwide influence as well. For his significant contributions, Jefferson became the second president to be featured on U.S. Postage and his Memorial was dedicated in Washington D.C in 1943.
Born at the Shadwell plantation located just outside of Charlottesville, Virginia, Thomas Jefferson was the third of ten siblings in one of the most distinguished family Virginia, to a successful planter and surveyor Peter Jefferson and his mother Jane Randolph. Prior to being the US president, he practiced law and served in local government as a magistrate and county lieutenant. He became a member of the Continental, when he drafted the Declaration of Independence and then served in the legislature.
Thomas Jefferson got married the 23-year-old widow Martha Wayles Skelton, with whom he lived happily for ten years until her death. The couple had six children, but only two survived to adulthood. Spending a deep love for his wife, Jefferson never remarried, maintained Monticello as his home throughout his life.