Civil rights activist Rosa Parks (best known for Montgomery Bus Boycott), named as one of the most influential people of the 20th century for her efforts towards racial justice, was actively involved in her fights for equality and became an American pride’s demonstration and national self-congratulation. She was called “the first lady of civil rights” and “the mother of the freedom movement” and awarded the Congressional Gold Medal as well as the Medal of Freedom by President Bill Clinton, the highest award given to a civilian in the US.
Rosa Parks was born to Leona ( a teacher) and James McCauley (a carpenter). Her parents were divorced while she was very small, causing her to live with mother and brother. It was not easy for an African-American girl to study at school due to racial segregation. She had to drop out of school to make ends meet and take care of her mother by working as a housekeeper or seamstress. Later, when totally absorbed in pursuit of equality, she decided to participate in the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP) and in boycotts against racial segregation.
Rosa Parks got married to the talented barber Raymond Parks, also a member of the NAACP, in 1932. She died in October 24, 2005 in Detroit, Michigan