Considered one of Hồ Chí Minh's closest lieutenants, Pham Van Dong was a Vietnamese politician who served as Prime Minister of North Vietnam from 1955 until he retired in 1987, recorded to have the longest serving time as a PM.
According to an official report, he was born into a family of ethnic Chinese civil servants on the central coast. At the age of 18, he developed an interest in the Communist party and in the unification of Vietnam. He traveled to Guangzhou in southern China one year later to attend a training course run by Nguyen Ai Quoc (later to be known as Ho Chi Minh), before being a member of the Vietnam Revolutionary Youth Association (the predecessor of the Communist Party of Vietnam).
Pham Van Dong had a wife named Pham Thi Cuc and one son named Pham Son Duong, who is now the Major General of the Vietnamese People’s Army.
- The meaning of the name Dong: Winter; East