Philosopher of logic, mathematics, and the mind who revolutionized the way philosophy was taught at universities.
He was portrayed by Karl Johnson in the film Wittgenstein from 1993.
He was referenced in a Simpsons episode that was directed by James L. Brooks.
He was a professor at the University of Cambridge from 1939 until 1947. He wasn't a prolific author, but he did publish Tractatus Logico-Philosophicus in 1921.
He grew up in a wealthy, aristocratic family.